The Education of a Christian Prince. Another was Hildegard von Bingen who, besides her accomplishments in music, healing, and spirituality was also an important religious thinker and leader. Deeply influenced by Christian thought, Erasmus believed that it was not just in the virtues of antiquity that a prince ought to be trained, but also the specific commands of Christ.
What collections we choose reflects upon our own ethical dispositions: This has given rise to doctrines like idealism and realismthe first insisting on Machiavelli vs erasmus spiritual or ideal essence of reality, the second generally insisting on the practical and often material nature of things.
There is also evidence of his knowledge concerning some of the corpus of Hippocratic medical writings. A librarian who considers himself a professional in the technical sense might cater swiftly to the wants, but a librarian who considers himself a librarian in vocation might think differently.
The Praise of Folly is his most famous satire, ridiculing tyrannical kings, fraudulent merchants, militant theologians, decadent clergymen, and brutish monks. As it is impossible, through his logic, for a ruler to remain in power and always act virtuously, it is best for a ruler to be equipped to know how and when to be unrighteous.
This question is tricky to answer because it can only be answered after a deeper ethical issue beyond library science is addressed: As a result, the may easily be incompatible Machiavelli vs erasmus contradictory, leaving those who maintain them with a sense of uneasiness.
The Erasmian ruler must primarily devote himself to administering justice to the people and abstaining from inflicting harm upon them.
Schools and doctrines Schools, with each their specific set of doctrines, have originated, evolved, and sometimes disappeared centered on specific areas of interest. On Machiavelli vs erasmus question of sin, Erasmus looks to the baseness of mankind first through the cross of Christ.
The influences of both Erasmus and Machiavelli on the political and ideological development of the Western world can be witnessed in the often antagonistic forces that shaped its further history.
Arguably, had he not done this, the gist of what was said would not otherwise be known at all—whereas today there is a plethora of documentation—written records, archives, and recording technology for historians to consult.
But it was part of the method of both alike to eliminate conventional sentiment and morality. Analyzing the early days of the Roman Republic, Machiavelli does not hesitate to praise virtuous acts performed by various Roman politicians, but focuses primarily on the optimal practical efficiency with which such acts can be achieved.
According to historians like Paul Johnson, the Erasmian ideal served as inspiration for later governments, such as that of the United States, which, rather than functioning to enrich an autocracy or a ruling clique, was originally structured to protect its constituency while intervening minimally with the lives of the citizens.
The rightful Etruscan landowners are not bearing angry placards in front of the Vatican. The autocratic prince is, for Erasmus, the source of greatest vice. Although he apparently did not belong to the extreme wing of the Athenian oligarchic clubs who conspired throughout the war with the enemy, he was certainly a member of the oligarchic party, and Machiavelli vs erasmus friend neither of the Athenian people, the demos, who had exiled him, nor of its Machiavelli vs erasmus policy.
And it is compiled rather for an everlasting possession than to be rehearsed for a prize. Erasmus was disgusted by the bilateral cruelties committed during the religious Reformation, as the Catholic Church and the Holy Inquisition persecuted Lutherans as heretics and threatened them with death, while Martin Luther and his allied German princes ordered the execution of more thanpeasants who rebelled against their rule in In relative numbers, in just one year,the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda, killed off a total of one million, in a population of 7 million.
Greek philosophy Ancient Greek philosophy may be divided into the pre-Socratic periodthe Socratic period, and the post-Aristotelian period. The bodies of dying men lay one upon another, and half-dead creatures reeled about the streets and gathered round all the fountains in their longing for water.
Augustine of Hippo remains as the greatest representative of early Christian thought. We do not know how these historical figures spoke. A celebrated example is Pericles' funeral orationwhich heaps honour on the dead and includes a defence of democracy: The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo.
The realpolitik of Machiavelli, on the other hand, influenced such figures as Otto von Bismarck, the architect of Imperial Germany, the first authoritarian state of the modern era, characterized by strict martial discipline, colossal government intervention in individual affairs, and a policy of relentless military expansionism.
The Erasmian ruler must primarily devote himself to administering justice to the people and abstaining from inflicting harm upon them. If, instead of a history, Thucydides had written an analytical treatise on politics, with particular reference to the Athenian empire, it is probable that It is the spirit befitting a prince.
A virtual cult following developed among such German philosophers as Friedrich SchellingFriedrich Schlegeland Friedrich Nietzschewho claimed that, "[in Thucydides], the portrayer of Man, that culture of the most impartial knowledge of the world finds its last glorious flower. During the Reformationmoreover, information about Middle Eastern countries in the Histories provided a basis for establishing Biblical chronology as advocated by Isaac Newton.
Moreover, he praises the cruelty of commanders such as Hannibal in stifling dissension within the ranks of their own men. Thucydides says that he fought in the war, contracted the plague, and was exiled by the democracy.
The Makings of a Prince: Erasmus, Machiavelli, and Idealism vs. Pragmatism in Political Rule The following is an adapted version of a term paper I wrote for a graduate level class in I hope that many of you will appreciate the juxtaposition of these two worldviews, especially in light of our current times.
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Lynch Ageing, health and care, Christina R. Victor Lighthouses and Lifesaving on Washington's Outer Coast, William S Hanable. Beliefs, Morals and Values Application - #Beliefs, Morals and Values, # Beliefs, Morals and Values Application According to Webster’s II New College Dictionary a belief is the mental act, condition, or habit of placing trust or confidence in a person or thing and mental acceptance of or conviction in the truth or actuality of something ().
Social philosophy is the study of questions about social behavior and interpretations of society and social institutions in terms of ethical values rather than empirical relations. Social philosophers place new emphasis on understanding the social contexts for political, legal, moral, and cultural questions, and to the development of novel theoretical frameworks, from social ontology to care.
This is the classical dichotomy between Erasmus and Machiavelli. Erasmus through Education of a Christian Prince advocated leaders who upheld moral imperatives in order to raise their charges to noble states of mind, while Machiavelliâ€™s Prince advocated a ruthless and pragmatic politic based on what is, not what could be.
Machiavelli and Erasmus on War Machiavelli’s view of war was that of an entirely pragmatic affair, in which carnage, retribution, and plunder were merely means to the end of securing political power.Machiavelli vs erasmus